Showing posts with label Budaya. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Budaya. Show all posts

Tuesday, 13 January 2015

Comparative Feudal Society of England & Japan

Feudal system is defined as a local government administered by certain individuals and not representatives of central government. In the feudal system, the position of an individual is based on stratified class system hierarchy. Japan and England practice feudal system in the 16th and 17th century. The Government of Japan in the 17th century under the rule of the Tokugawa shogunate. In England was under the rule of the new monarchy. Practice feudal system in both government has its own uniqueness.


        In feudal stratification in England and Japan in the 17th century, the king has the highest position. The king at that time was highly respected and is a symbol of unity. Raja also often associated with religion and belief. . King of England is the head of the Christian church. While Emperor of Japan is the Sun God. Even at that time, the King of England is the government's absolute authority. Japanese emperor ruled otherwise only in theory only. This is because the Japanese Emperor has entrusted to the Shogun ruled since 1192. By the 17th century, the Tokugawa Shogunate ruled Japan for the Emperor. Maharaja lived isolated and separated in Kyoto surrounded by eunuchs. Both the feudal system has a magnifying class. The aristocracy in England known as Lord. In Japan, the officials called daimyo. Ranking nobleman in England is divided into several layers like royalty first class, second class and aristocratic nobility third grade. Related to the distribution of land owned.
 
     While in Japan there is a chief daimyo known as Shogun. Daimyo-daimyo were divided into three groups, namely Fudai Daimyo, Shimp and Daimyo Daimyo CILLIERS. Fudai Daimyo Tokugawa family members and allies. They helped Tokugawa dominated government and endowed land in the central and northern Honshu. Daimyo Shimp known as the home of brothers consisting of relatives of the Tokugawa family. Daimyo Tuzama also known as daimyo outside where they are enemies of the Tokugawa Shogunate, which consists of the Western tribes. They are also forbidden to accumulate wealth in order to prevent them from becoming too powerful and threaten the position of Shogun. Thus the system of feudal princes in Japan is very different from the system of feudal princes in England.

     In Japan, daimyo play an equally important role in the field of administration. Daimyo master classes and administer the areas assigned to them by the Shogun. While the position of the nobility in England suffered a setback with the emergence of a new monarchy. Raja new monarchy capable of controlling the nobility. This is because they do not rely solely on the supplied military aristocracy because the king has mercenaries. However Raja still need support aristocracy. The king gave him the titles of nobility as Lord, Earl and Duke thus loyalty nobles against the king  can be maintained. In Japan, Shogun has been member of the daimyo to get support and loyalty.

     Both the feudal system has a military faction. In the UK military faction known as the Knight. The Japanese military faction known as the Samurai. Samurai Knight and this served to dignitaries. Knight class in England has the right to collect taxes from the population under their control. Conversely Japanese samurai have no land. Thus, wealth is measured by the number of classes Knight owned land but the samurai class wealth is measured by the amount of rice that. Another difference between Knight and Knight Samurai is a group in England is illiterate and only offer their service in the military. Instead of the Samurai class were the most educated in the feudal system. Ownership of knowledge considered precious things among pahlawadi Japan. During the Tokugawa peace, samurai engage in artistic activities such as Kabuki dance.

     Farming communities are the most important in the feudal system in Japan and England. In England the peasants known as Freeman and Villena, while the peasants Japan known as the Nomin. In England the peasants have no land and cultivate only the landlords. In return, the landlord would give them protection and security. Instead farmers in Japan have the highest position among the masses. They have their own land. The peasants will pay rent to the landlord by surrendering part of agricultural produce. In addition, farmers are required to provide labor services to landlords. While farmers in Japan had to pay high taxes. Japanese farmers typically deliver 50% of the output as an annual tax to the daimyo. Farmers also give rice to the Samurai to get security guarantees.

        Based on the above discussion, there is a difference and noted similarities in the feudal system into practice in Japan and England. Ie, two feudal system has a unique individual.