Tuesday, 13 January 2015

The Largest Number of Foreign Become Worst

The Malaysian economy expanded rapidly in recent years. Giant construction projects run smoothly. As a result, there is an extensive employment opportunities and resulting shortage of labor. So, Malaysia is now the focus of immigrants who want to seek lucrative. But the entry of illegal immigrants who have been problematic. Without control and prevention system that systematically ascertain this would be a cancer to the country.

The main problem is the difficulty faced by the government to combat the influx of illegal immigrants this. The police, the military, and the Immigration Department had to work hard to apprehend them. They were detained and placed in temporary detention camp. Foreign embassies were less cooperative. State money spent to manage these detention centers. This scenario would also lead to relations between the two countries would be tenuous. Service and other requirements that must be met to claim .. This causes a lot of energy, money, and time wasted government in an effort to prevent the entry of illegal immigrants.

Our social security is also threatened. They fled to Malaysia to escape the raid authorities of their home countries. Some of them have AIDS, tuberculosis, sexually transmitted diseases, and so on. The arrival of immigrants, especially the undocumented, also cause problems with housing. They will be looking for a place to build housing for their area.

1.0 The initial

Term workers are people who work (usually for a fee or earn), a person who holds an office (in public or private services) in accordance with Council Dictionaries and language to Library New Edition in 1989 began a letter 607. While foreign term is coming (coming from ) regions or states, non-local, non-native: a lot of people or not part of the place in question. DBP dictionary New Edition 1989 m / page 61.

The presence of foreign workers in our country is not an alien thing and often the talk of the town and the major issue at the moment. Workers or foreign workers who attended the meet virtually every sector of employment in our country for example in the construction, manufacturing, field, or agriculture, as well as services such as restaurant, laundry, washing, or cleaning and so on.

1.1 STATISTICS illegal immigrants (PATI)

According to government figures, until 31 August 2003, a total of 1,153,069 foreign workers working in Malaysia in various sectors. According to the breakdown of 355.782 employed in manufacturing, construction (297.642), maid (230.926), farming (181.605) and services (87.144). Whereas according to the latest statistics, legal foreign workers until March 1, 2004 were 1.2 million people, the same number of undocumented workers in this country. Foreign workers legally employed in the state sector involves maid 240.964 people, manufacturing (390.552) perladanganm (326.764), construction (204.254) and 77.149 people.

Statistics for each sector in 2014 is different when compared to the statistics in 2003. There are sectors that showed an increase in volume, but there are also some which show a decrease in the number of foreign workers. However, the presence of migrant workers to Malaysia has become a "trend" and this unstoppable despite all the efforts taken by the government and related agencies.

As has been stated by Tenaganita Director, Dr Irene Fernandez, Malaysia still and heavy reliance on foreign workers. Even at the present time there are over two million foreign workers in the country, including illegal migrant workers. This follows from their own willingness to do the dirty work, dangerous and demanding nature of extremities. While Malaysians no longer want to do this kind of work.

Thus, in the last year alone the government has decided to hire more foreign workers from 12 countries including Sri Lanka, Vietnam, Pakistan and China as well as making them increasingly important welfare issues.

Due to the many foreign energy, the construction industry is one industry that is synonymous with the word '' foreign workers ''. At present, it is estimated more than 600,000 people are employed in the construction sector, including 109.020 foreign workers legally employed but illegal migrant workers is higher, thus proving reliance Country of labor is still high.

While, however, according to Human Resources Minister Datuk Dr Fong Chan Onn, recruitment of foreign workers is only an interim step which is to meet the needs of critical sectors. Further, the Ministry of Human Resources is responsible for developing a memorandum of understanding (MOU) with some source countries of foreign workers so that the government can control the intake of foreign workers more regularly and ensure they are brought in on the real needs of our economy and not to compete with local workers.

The arrival of foreign workers would have to work in a country that has many job opportunities, especially economic, construction, and business services. Foreign workers can be classified into two types of workers who come in legally and workers or dating through the back roads of illegal immigrants (PATI).

Workers who come to Malaysia legally generally determined occupation, employer, place of residence and has undergone through various processes to qualify as a worker. They were subsequently granted a work permit specified period of their work in this country. These types of categories of workers have valid travel documents, free from infectious diseases, have a valid employment contract and does not take much of a problem to society. Employers are also responsible to provide accommodation, food and medical services.

The second category is immigrants who never go through the process as the first category. They also do not have valid travel documents, penyakitberjangkit high risk and as tuberculosis (TB) and easily exploited. PATI were arrested for various offenses, immigration and crime only because the government imposes forced to bear the costs of detention and delivery to their home countries. Cases that are more complex, such as images have serious implications for their countries of origin. Cases that are more complex, such as images adverse implications on the country of origin of immigrants concerned.

2.0 FACTORS INCREASE FOREIGN WORKERS

Influx of foreign maids in Malaysia are caused by their withdrawal in Malaysia alone and also factor rejection of their country of origin. Malaysia is actually a 'goldmine' who do not want to be extracted by the locals themselves. 'Hole gold' in the sense that too many jobs here but local people are less interested in enrolling mainly be maids. Attitudes do not want to 'bound' or 'trapped' cause they switch to a sector that offers so much more bearable and comfortable. Therefore, local employers are forced to take foreign maids to fill the employment sector.

Based on answers to written questions by Senator Dr. S. Ramakrishnan to the Minister of State in the NOTICE TO QUESTION THE NATIONAL COUNCIL SESSION July 2011 concerning the number of foreign maids working in Malaysia, the statistics are as follows:

State Sector MYANMAR NEPAL BANGLADESH INDIA INDONESIA

Maid 189.391 64 63,114,497

There's many foreign maids from Indonesia because of geographical position of the country, namely Indonesia and Malaysia are almost beside the language and cultural factors are almost the same.

In addition, the attitude of the employers that provide protection to foreign domestic helpers have become a catalyst for the convergence factor them in Malaysia. They feel safe working here even partly do not have a valid permit.

Immigration regulations and policies hiring is very loose in Malaysia. Issuance of permits issued to foreign workers arbitrarily without taking into account the real needs of the employer. Foreign maids are allowed to work for three years and may be extended annually up to the fifth year. Employers can apply to extend their work permits of foreign workers over the next five years for foreign workers who are regarded as skilled workers.
In addition, the Malaysian national security as an attraction to the maids, these foreign nationals to reside in here.In the Global Peace Index (GPI) 2011, from 150 countries who made the survey, Malaysia ranked 19th - the safest in world. This position is based on a survey Economic Institutions and Global Peace, based in Sydney, Australia. These conditions ensure their safety to stay here. It is very different to the situation in their home countries like Indonesia, Bangladesh and Nepal are frequent political upheavals and wars.
Moreover, poverty and unemployment in the country of origin cause foreigners willing to leave their homes simply to come to Malaysia to earn a living. According to Prof. Klara Meliyanti Kusharto (Professor of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Human Ecology, IPB Indonesia), based on the data specified by the UNDP, Indonesia is a country with a Human Development Index (HDI), the lowest in Southeast Asia. IPM Indonesia is far below the Philippines ranked 97th danThiland 92nd. As you know, most of the foreign maids working in Malaysia were from countries mentioned above.

3.0 IMPLICATIONS OF ARRIVAL PATI

According to statistics, the Government of Malaysia in 2003, a total of 1,153,069 foreign workers employed in various sectors in Malaysia. Whereas according to the latest statistics Immigration Department on August 31, 2011, a total of 2,320,034 foreign workers in Malaysia, where a total of 1,016,908 people are migrant workers was legitimate and 1,303,126 people are unregistered foreign workers (immigrants). Over 50% of migrant workers are immigrants who could have negative implications in various aspects (Ministry of Interior).

Here we will discuss the negative implications of foreign workers or maids to state beforehand. Implications of foreign workers or maids will be discussed in terms of Economics, Politics, Security and Social Issues.

3.1 IMPLICATIONS FOR SOCIAL ISSUES

Various social problems occur as a result of the influx of foreign workers, imagine foreign workers in Malaysia, currently estimated at 10% of the total number of people in Malaysia compared to the third largest ethnic group in the country, namely India, which only account for 7% of the total population of Malaysia. Therefore, with migrant workers and ethnic diversity coupled with their socio-cultural, social problems are the largest negative impact in the country.

Recruitment of workers from Bangladesh was suspended on February 6, 2002 for a moral cause many problems in this country. This group is often reported harassment (sexual harassment can be defined as) the wife or daughter of the local people in public without shame and without guilt. Immoral behavior that has led the fight with the local population (Focus, July 2002).

Foreign workers who come from Lombok Indonesia often lead to social problems. These social problems also can be categorized as a crime, namely organized crime. By custom wedding Lombok, Sasak have marriage customs are quite unique and is still practiced until now. If a guy wants to lure girl, they will come home with the girl shows all of its advantages of manners, courtesy, hospitality, religious knowledge, obedience or even wealth. Lombok youth is also in love with a show full of love and only allowed to come to her house just after Isha until ten o'clock at night. The youth will escape the girl if it was time for them to marry. This will introduce the boy to the girl's family and after that it will send to the village chief spy girl.

Lombok marriage customs is extremely inappropriate practiced in this country that has its own customs. However, the influx of foreign workers, mainly from Indonesia's Lombok bring their culture here even they practice their culture was here and lead to various legal implications as well as social. These things can divide families in Malaysia. Cases of Lombok Indonesia Workers who carry off girls locals psychological injuries her family.

3.2 IMPLICATIONS ON ECONOMIC ISSUES

Statistics in 2006 showed 90,000 people were unemployed Malaysians. Meanwhile around 242.190 or 3.8 percent of the 6.3 million school children across the country failed to finish school up to grade five (Department of Statistics).

Therefore, the economic sectors affected households with jobs filled by foreign workers, while locals were not able to enter the job market. Government through the 9th Malaysia Plan has made human capital as the core of both of the main thrusts of the national mission. The effectiveness of efforts to generate human capital can be measured from the number of foreign workers who still fill the spaces employment sector (Soijah Binti Lily 2005).

The economy is in fact closely related to immigrants who are in Malaysia. If the arrival of foreign tourists accounted for 43.0 percent of revenues in the services account of the balance of payments, foreign workers also drain the money in the country to their home country, reaching billions of dollars a year and this has hurt the country.

3.3 IMPLICATIONS FOR SAFETY

The local public security, certain sectors and countries as a whole ranked harmful if rates of immigrants in this country are prohibitive. A total of 77 people were detained residents Africa since January to October 2011, while 66 of them were drug dealers while the rest are drug addicts (Narcotics hill Aman).

Africans have come to Malaysia under student status and come to Malaysia for the 'fill job vacancies in the sector of drug trafficking'. Their modus operandi as simple as entering the country using a student pass.

In addition, immigrants who entered illegally are heavily involved in crimes such as drug abuse, trafficking and property crime. According to statistics, although only 4:57% percent of the 37,817 (Plan Issues @ 1) only involving immigrants, but it is still dangerous because people outside the country should have access to the other country to commit crimes.

Foreign workers will gather on festive holidays such as Eid celebrations. In Kuala Lumpur, during Eid celebrations in 2007, tens of thousands of immigrants gathered in major venues in the capital such as KLCC and Dataran Merdeka is causing the commotion, dirt, vandalism and other crimes.

4.0 GOVERNMENT OF MALAYSIA

Malaysian Government through the Cabinet of Ministers decided on the need for foreign workers

/ Maids in this country is based on the needs of countries using

employment outside by the development of a rapidly developing country.

The rapid development of the country has begun to be felt since 1970 'an again until now guided Malaysia Plan (RM) 1 to RM (9) nine now set up by the Government of Malaysia. In order to realize the dream of the country's rapid development, the need to establish a policy or policies specifically for foreign workers is necessary to regulate and monitor will need foreign workers / maids for the needs of the country. The rationale that the population of 28 million people have maintained their importance even using foreign workers from abroad.

The implications of spillover economic prosperity prosperous country and political stability during which assures the presence and influx of foreign workers or foreign workers already inevitable. Relaitinya many jobs are included in the field of employment and gross weight (heavy work and hot work) and high risk, many local residents are not willing and able to do the job. To accommodate the voids jobs will be filled, the recruitment and use of foreign workers is inevitable.

Foreign workers / maids working in Malaysia are derived from the National Resources of countries that supply foreign workers such as Indonesia, Thailand, Myanmar, India, Pakistan, Cambodia, Sri Lanka, Vietnam, China, Bangladesh and Pakistan.

4.1 FOREIGN WORKERS OF MALAYSIA

Basic Migrant Workers in Malaysia is under the jurisdiction and powers of the Cabinet Committee on Foreign Workers, chaired by the Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia, YAB Tan Sri Muhyiddin Yassin Bin.

Committee was established consisting of various ministries and agencies such as the Department of the Prime Minister, Ministry of Home Affairs (MOHA), Ministry of Human Resources, Ministry of Health, Ministry of Agriculture and Agro-based Industry, and the Ministry of Labour (Labour). Based on the status of the third group of countries, namely countries - developing countries of the world, the use of overseas labor is inevitable. Use of overseas labor needed given the country's rapid development experienced by Malaysia. Use of overseas labor is required in view of the work in Malaysia in various sectors such as agriculture, construction, domestic tourism (domestic) and services.

Actually, according to Interior Minister, YB Datuk Seri Hishamuddin Tun Hussien Bin stating that there is a (1) million jobs that have yet to be filled by local workers or foreign workers .Sehingga November 2011, registered jobsmalaysia.com.my site that 256.505 jobs during in the country. This does not include 20,000 jobs a month in the manufacturing, construction da agriculture. The fact that the Government does not provide employment opportunities is the fact that the same one because until October 2011 statistics on foreign workers recorded by the Immigration Department of Malaysia recorded more than 2.3 million illegal immigrants voluntarily register. Of these, 1.3 million are illegal immigrants Nermai while remaining legal immigrants. Therefore, the Government of Malaysia through KDN implement the Comprehensive Settlement Program Illegal Immigrants (6P).

4.2 COMPLETION PROGRAM TOTAL EMPLOYEES / illegal immigrants (PATI) OR PROGRAM 6P

Malaysian Government through the Ministry of Home Affairs (MOHA) has decided to implement the Comprehensive Settlement Program Workers / Illegal Immigrants or called 6P. Government policy through the 6P program is designed to identify and monitor the needs of migrant workers to the country.

4.3 WHAT IS THE PROGRAM 6P?

6P program is a national agenda which includes six (6) action. Action - the action is WORKER PROGRAM REGISTRATION / illegal immigrants, illegal immigrants WHITENING PROGRAM, PATI MONITORING PROGRAM, AND PROGRAM PROGRAM ENFORCEMENT PATI PATI expulsion.

6P program was organized by the Malaysian Government to take PATI data, allowing them to work in a particular sector through legalization program subject to current policy and allow illegal immigrants to return to their home country without going through the legislative process through the Amnesty Program. While those illegal immigrants who are caught breaching the law - the law will be dealt with and Enforcement Program Expulsion Program.

4.4 WHY GOVERNMENT PROGRAM TO IMPLEMENT 6P?

Malaysian government 6P Program is designed as follows:

1. Obtain data on the number of foreigners in Malaysia.

2. regularization of unauthorized foreign workers and the distribution sector workers to those in need.

3. Control and out and detect the presence of foreigners.

4. Provide advice to immigrants and employers in order not to make the mistake of Immigration.

5. Provide flexibility to illegal immigrants to return to their country of origin.

4.5 HOW TO APPLY

Registration Program was to register the illegal immigrants who are in Malaysia and the implementation period is for two (2) weeks beginning August 1, 2011 and ending on August 14, 2011. Registration is conducted by the Department of Immigration and Company Manager while immigrants who register will be issued with identity documents as evidence of the illegal immigrants themselves have an identity check and PATI up documentation is completed.

Program Registration will be conducted in a free and JIM are conducted by trained immigration officers while for the appointed manager of the Company authorized by KDN is charged. It is operated by Company employees Managers who are allowed to operate in Malaysia.

4.6 WHITENING PROGRAM

This is related Whitening Program regularized immigrants to enable them to work in Malaysia. Bleaching application is subject to sector / sub-sector is allowed, the state allowed hoarse and also taking into account the criteria / qualifications employers are nominal. The employer is also liable to pay the levy to the government.

Whitening Program will be implemented within (3) three months after the completion of the Registration Program.

Basic Basic Whitening Program is based on the (3) three following categories:

1. Citizenship: only foreign nationals from source countries allowed

2. Sector: sectors and sub-sectors that are allowed include frozen

3. Employers: employers who qualify based on current regulations

4.7 FORGIVENESS PROGRAM

Forgiveness Program is for immigrants who commit offenses Immigration only allowed to return to their home countries - each without legal proceedings - law.

Terms of Forgiveness

1. PATI must have valid travel documents and a return ticket (except for land travel for citizens of Thailand).

2. PATI present itself to the Immigration Office.

3. Keep the registration process and taking biometric (fingerprint retrieval).

4. Return to the country of origin in accordance with the prescribed entrance only, as follows:

Padang Besar in Perlis

Bukit Kayu Hitam, Kedah Kuah Jetty

Rantau Panjang Kelantan

Base Hulu Perak

Port Kelang, KLIA / LCCT Selangor

Asal, Pasir Gudang Johor

LTA Bayan Lepas, Pulau Pinang

Port Dickson, Negeri Sembilan

Port Melaka Melaka

4.8 MONITORING PROGRAM

The monitoring program was to control and manage the foreign citizens residing in Malaysia. Known as Operation Monitoring Guidance which will be held hearings on illegal immigrants. One (1) week notice will be issued for registration, legalization and amnesty. Monitoring is done so that all parties are informed prior to enforcement actions undertaken.

4.9 ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM

Enforcement program is associated with illegal immigrants and employers who still make mistakes Immigration will be detected and arrested by the Integrated Enforcement Operation against illegal immigrants se; loose ends Whitening Program. Firmer legal action will be taken, including legal action under the Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act 2007 (Amended 2010 / profit for the offense of exploitation of trafficked persons with a fine not exceeding RM1 million and stripped of the benefits derived from trade in person.

Utusan Malaysia dated October 15, 2011 with a headline stating that 4 Million Enforcement movement in massive operation against defaulting employers and illegal immigrants in the 6P program. Enforcement officers involved in Operation massive Enforcement is composed as follows, namely:

Operations involving the location of land, sea, and land borders will be chaired by the Immigration Department, People's Volunteer Corps (RELA), Royal Malaysian Police (PDRM), Malaysian Armed Forces (ATM) while the ground operation will involve police, RELA ATM, Depot departments, local authorities, the Ministry of Housing and Local Government, Ministry of Domestic Trade, Cooperatives and Consumerism, Civil Defence Department (CDD), National Drug Agency (NADA) and the committee of Kampong Security and Development (JKKK).

Operations at sea were placed under the responsibility JKDRM, Navy, Department of Marine and Fisheries Department, while at the land borders involving the National Security Council (NSC), the Police, Immigration Department, Anti-Smuggling Unit (UPP), Royal Malaysian Customs Department (JKDRM), Labour Department (JTK), RELA, Depot and Police Department under the Ministry of Home Affairs boundaries.

"Ministry Secretary-General Tan Sri Mahmood Adam said the decision was reached at a meeting of law enforcement agencies implementation 6P program organized by the Ministry of Home Affairs (MOHA) overnight."

It will also be accompanied by other government agencies such as the Local Authorities (LAs), Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency, the Anti-Smuggling Unit, Department of Labor CDD agency, ministry, Marine Department, Ministry of Housing and Local Government, the National Security Council, Ministry of Information Communication and Culture and the Civil Defence Department (CDD),

The Immigration Department was given responsibility as the lead agency responsible for planning and preparing a strategic plan enforcement operations, coordinating action at the state level operations and report daily statistics enforcement to steering committees at HM 6P. In the legal context, the Enforcement Operations conducted under the agency that has the authority under the Immigration Act 1959/63, Passport Act 1966 and the Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act 2007 Amendment 2010 while the agency which are not covered under the act can only carry out enforcement operations with the as a leading member of the Immigration Department, he said.

PROGRAM 4:10 expulsion

Expulsion is the implementation of program activities against illegal immigrants arrested through Operation Unified Enforcement action will be taken in accordance with legislation under the Immigration Act 1959/63, Passport Act 1966 and the Immigration Regulations 1963 illegal immigrants who have been arrested are recommended to be taken to prosecution in court of the prison, fines, whipping or a compound based on the type of offense under the Immigration Act and Regulations. Immigrants who have finished serving his sentence as decided by the court will be expelled to their country of origin.

5.0 Conclusions

Government policy is consistent in addressing the problem of foreign workers has become the heart of the country's development. The use of foreign workers / maids in our country is now difficult to avoid, and it has become an urgent need. Among the factors the Malaysian government 6P program is related to the question of national security and public welfare. Similarly, in the matter of health which immigrants also bring diseases into the country. The increase in infectious diseases such as AIDS, TB, Malaria and so on adalalah also stems from illegal immigrants. The local culture is different with foreign workers who come also carry negative implications for the local residents. Foreign workers also do not respect the local culture more polite as not drinking alcohol in public, and stir the wife and children.

Foreign Workers Policy has been and will be implemented by the government will succeed, effective and safe country to meet its target to coincide with the 1Malaysia Concept of People First, Performance Now.

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